სახელმწიფო საკონსტიტუციო კომისია
Irakli Kobakhidze submitted the draft Constitutional Law with the III reading
The Speaker spoke about the editorial nature of the changes to the Constitution aiming at reflection of the recommendations of the Venice Commission to the Bill. According to the draft, the Article 5 shall be supplemented with the paragraph envisaging that “the state shall ensure environmental protection and rational use of natural resources”.
The Changes are to be introduced to the Article 16 regulating freedom of conscience, confession and religion. The record on the autonomy of the Universities shall be added to the paragraph 3, Article 27 ensuring academic freedom and autonomy of the universities.
The principal change concerns the bonus system – the new draft envisages withdrawal of the bonuses. Hence: “mandates of Members of Parliament shall be distributed to the political parties obtaining at least 5% of the votes. To define the number of the mandates obtained by the political parties, the number shall be divided into 150 and into the sum total of the votes of all political parties receiving at least 5% of the votes. The obtained full figure is the number of the mandates of the political parties. If the total number of the mandates of the political parties is less than 150, undistributed mandates shall be consistently distributed to the political parties with the best results”.
Deriving from annulment of bonuses, sundry paragraphs shall be withdrawn from the Constitution. The change ensures transfer to the proportional system. Thus, the electoral blocs shall as well be allowed to the forthcoming Parliamentary elections.
The change to the Article 50 concerning the Presidential elections substitutes the term “voter” with the “member of the electoral panel”.
The change is introduced to the Article 18 concerning accessibility to public information. Another change concerns the electoral disputes and the respective authority of the Constitutional Court.
The Parliament will adopt the draft Constitutional law with the III reading.